Fleas are tiny dark brown parasitic insects that infest the coat and skin of pets. They can jump up to 150 times their own length, which allows them to roam between animals and the surrounding environment.
How do pets get fleas?
Flea eggs can remain inactive for long periods of time. They can remain inactive your garden, furniture and carpet, until they can jump onto an animal.
When your pet gets very irritated and seems to scratch a lot, this is the first sign of flea infestation. When you get a closer look on your pet, you could find adult fleas in the coat or on the skin. You could also find some small black grit in the coat or on the skin, these are flea dirt. The flea dirt is the digested dried blood from the fleas.
Fleas breed extremely fast. They live in the environment and their lifecycle can last up to six months. The fleas that you can find on your pet only represent 5-10% of the fleas in the environment. The remaining 90-95% remained in the egg and larval stages that found in your carpets, household furniture, bedding and garden.
- Adult fleas: jumps onto your pet, bites your pet and feed on its blood, then start laying eggs.
- Eggs: one female flea can lay up to 50 eggs per day.
- Larvae: hatched eggs release larvae.
It is much easier to prevent your pet from getting fleas than eliminate them when you saw it. We see more fleas on the pets in summer due to the warm weather. However, we use heaters in winter times, this also provides a warm environment for flea development.
- Use flea products to treat your pet:
- Monthly spot on treatments such as Advantix, Advocate
- Monthly oral flea treatments such as Panoramis, Comfotis, Nexgard
- Use flea rinse and/or flea shampoo to bath your pet.
- Use flea spray to spray your pet’s beddings.
- Treat the environment
- Wash all your pet’s beddings
- Vacuum your house thoroughly
- Flea bomb your house
- Control the environment
- Vacuum your house 2-3 times a week
- Wash your pet’s beddings weekly